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Southern Africa Research

Arthur, C., Mitchell, P., Dewar, G. & Badenhorts, S. 2018. After the silt: middle and late Holocene hunter-gatherer archaeology of the Metolong Dam, Lesotho. Southern African Humanities 31: 129-179 [LESOTHO; TAXONOMIC IDENTIFICATION]

Apps, P, 2012. Smithers’ mammals of Southern Africa: a field guide-New ed./rev. and updated by Peter Apps; ill. by Clare Abbott, Penny Meakin and Noel Ashton. Cape Town: Struik Nature.

Badenhorst, S., Mitchell, P., Arthur, C. & Capelli, C. 2019. Late Holocene fauna from Moshebi’s Shelter, a Later Stone Age site in Lesotho. Southern African Humanities 32:83-107 [LESOTHO; TAXONOMIC IDENTIFICATION]

Badenhorst, S. & Plug, I. 2002. Animal remains from recent excavations at a Late Iron Age site, Simunye, Swaziland. Southern African Humanities 14: 45-50.

Badenhorst, S. & Plug, I. 2004/2005. Boleu: faunal analysis from a 19th century site in the Groblersdal area, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Southern African Field Archaeology 13&14: 13-18.

Badenhorst, S. & Plug, I. 2011. Unidentified specimens in zooarchaeology. Palaeontologia africana 46: 89-92.

Badenhorst, S. 2011. Measuring change: cattle and caprines from Iron Age farming sites in southern Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin 66: 167–172.

Badenhorst, S. 2015. Intensive hunting during the Iron Age of southern Africa. Environmental Archaeology 20(1): 41-51.

Binford, L.R. 1984. Faunal Remains from Klasies River Mouth. Academic Press: New York.

Brain, C.K. 1967a. Hottentot food remains and their bearing on the interpretation of fossil bone assemblages. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station 32:1-11.

Brain, C.K. 1967b. Bone weathering and the problem of bone pseudo-tools. South African Journal of Science 63(3): 97–99.

Brain, C.K. 1969. The contribution of Namib Desert Hottentots to an understanding of Australopithecine bone accumulations. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station 39:13–22.

Brain, C.K. 1974. Some suggested procedures in the analysis of bone accumulations from southern African Quaternary sites. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 29(1): 1–8.

Brain, C.K. 1981. The Hunters or the Hunted? An Introduction to African Cave Taphonomy. University of Chicago Press: Chicago

Bunn, H.T., & Kroll, E.M. 1986. Systematic butchery by Plio/Pleistocene hominids at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Current Anthropology 27(5): 431–52.

Bunn, H.T. 1981. Archaeological evidence for meat-eating by Plio-Pleistocene hominids from Koobi Fora and Olduvai Gorge. Nature 291: 574–577.

Bunn, H.T., Bartram, L.E. & Kroll, E.M., 1988. Variability in bone assemblage formation from Hadza hunting, scavenging, and carcass processing. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 7(4): 412-457.

Clark, J.L. & Ligouis, B. 2010. Burned bone in the Howieson’s Poort and post-Howieson’s Poort Middle Stone Age deposits at Sibudu (South Africa): behavioural and taphonomic implications. Journal of Archaeological Science 37(10): 2650-2661.

Cohen, D.R. 2010. Hunting and herding at Moritsane, a village in southeastern Botswana, c. AD 1165-1275. South African Archaeological Bulletin 65(192): 154.

De Graaf, G. 1961. Gross effects of a primitive hearth on bones. South African Archaeological Bulletin 16(61): 25–26.

Denbow, J.R. 1983. Iron Age economics: herding, wealth, and politics along the fringes of the Kalahari Desert during the Early Iron Age. PhD dissertation. Bloomington: Indiana University.

Fraser, L. & Badenhorst, S. 2014. Livestock use in the Limpopo Valley of southern Africa during the Iron Age. South African Archaeological Bulletin: 192-198

Gautier, A., & van Waarden, C. 1981. The Subsistence Patterns at the Leeukop Site, Eastern Tuli Block. Botswana Notes and Records: 1-11.

Grivetti, L.E. 1976. Dietary resources and social aspects of food use in a Tswana tribe. Doctoral dissertation, University of California: Davis.

Grivetti, L.E. 1978. Nutritional success in a semi-arid land: examination of Tswana agro-pastoralists of the eastern Kalahari, Botswana. The American journal of clinical nutrition 31(7): 1204-1220.

Hall, M. 1977. Shakan pitfall traps: hunting techniques in the Zulu Kingdom. Southern African Humanities 23(1): 1-12.

Hall, M. 1986. The role of cattle in southern African agropastoral societies: more than bones alone can tell. Goodwin Series: 83-87.

Hall, M. 1987. The Changing Past: Farmers, Kings and Traders in Southern Africa, 200-1860. Cape Town: David Phillip.

Hall, M. 1990. Farmers, kings, and traders: the people of southern Africa 200-1860. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Huffman, T.N. 1996b. Snakes & Crocodiles: Power and Symbolism in Ancient Zimbabwe. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Huffman, T.N. 1998. The antiquity of lobola. South African Archaeological Bulletin 53: 57–62.

Huffman, T.N. 2001. The Central Cattle Pattern and interpreting the past. Southern African Humanities 13: 19–35.

Huffman, T.N. 2007. Handbook to the Iron Age: The Archaeology of Pre–Colonial Farming Societies in Southern Africa. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu–Natal Press.

Jacobson, L. & Noli, D. 2018. New finds of engraved whole ostrich eggs from southern Namibia and the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. Southern African Humanities 31: 55-61 [SOUTH AFRICA; NAMIBIA; WORKED BONE & SHELL]

Kent, S. 1993. Sharing in an egalitarian Kalahari community. Man: 479-514.

Kiyaga-Mulindwa, D. 1993. The Iron Age peoples of east-central Botswana In Shaw, T., Sinclair, P., Andan, B. & Okpoko, A. (eds.), The Archaeology of Africa: Food, Metals, and Towns: 386-390. New York: Routledge.

Klein, R.G. 1980. The Interpretation of Mammalian Faunas from Stone Age Archaeological Sites, with Special Reference to Sites in the Southern Cape Province, South Africa. In: Fossils in the Making, edited by A. K. Behrensmeyer & A. Hill: 223-46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Klein, R.G. 1989. Why does skeletal part representation differ between smaller and larger bovids at Klasies River Mouth and other archaeological sites? Journal of Archaeological Science 16(4): 363–81.

Kuper, A. 1982. Wives for Cattle: Bridewealth and Marriage in Southern Africa. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Lee, R.B. & Solway, J.S. 1990. Foragers, genuine or spurious?: situating the Kalahari San in history. Current Anthropology 31(2): 109–146.

Lee, R.B. 1979. The IKung San: Men, Women, and Work in a Foraging Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Marshall, F. & Mutundu, K., 1999. The role of zooarchaeology in archaeological interpretation: a survey of the African literature from later archaeological periods, c. 20,000 BP-present. Archaeozoologia 10(1-2): 83-106.

Meester, J.A.J., Rautenbach, I.L., Dippenaar, N.J. & Baker, C.M. 1986. Classification of southern African mammals. Transvaal Museum Monograph. Pretoria: Transvaal Museum 5: 1–359.

Morton, F. & Hitchcock, R. 2013. Tswana Hunting: Continuities and Changes in the Transvaal and Kalahari after 1600. South African Historical Journal: 1-22.

Nelson, C. 2008. An archaeozoological and ethnographic investigation into animal utilisation practices of the Ndzundza Ndebele of the Steelpoort River Valley, South Africa, 1700 AD–1900 AD. Doctoral dissertation. Pretoria: University of Pretoria.

Norton, A. 2013. The Identification and Analysis of Carnivore Remains from Schroda. HonoursThesis. Pretoria: University of Pretoria.

Orton, J., Mitchell, P., Klein, R.G., Steele, T.E. & Horsburg, K.A. 2013. Early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding in southern Africa. Antiquity 87: 108-120.

Pilsbury, H.A, & Bequaert, J. 1927. The aquatic molluscs of the Belgian Congo. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 53:69-602.

Plug, I. & Badenhorst, S. 2001. The distribution of macromammals in southern Africa over the past 30 000 years as reflected in animal remains from archaeological sites. Transvaal Museum Monograph No. 12. Transvaal Museum: Pretoria.

Plug, I. & Badenhorst, S. 2006. Notes on the fauna from three Late Iron Age mega-sites, Boitsemagano, Molokwane and Mabjanamatshwana, North West Province, South Africa. The South African Archaeological Bulletin: 57-67.

Plug, I. & Brown, A. 1982. Mgoduyanuka: faunal remains. Southern African Humanities 25(1): 115-21.

Plug, I. & Pistorius, J.C.C. 1999. Animal remains from industrial Iron Age communities in Phalaborwa, South Africa. African archaeological review 16(3): 155-184.

Plug, C. & Plug, I. 1990. MNI counts as estimates of species abundance. South African Archaeological Bulletin 45(151):53–7.

Plug, I. & Roodt, F. 1990. The faunal remains from recent excavations at uMgungundlovu. South African Archaeological Bulletin 45: 47–52.

Plug, I. & Voigt, E.A. 1985. Archaeozoological studies of Iron Age communities in southern Africa. In: Wendorf, F. & Close, A. (eds) Advances in World Archaeology 4: 189–238. London: Academic Press.

Plug, I. 1979. Appendix: Striped Giraffe Shelter faunal report. In: Wadley, L. Big Elephant Shelter and its role in the Holocene prehistory of central South West Africa. Cimbebasia 3: 1-76.

Plug, I. 1988. Hunters and herders: an archaeozoological study of some prehistoric communities in the Kruger National Park. Doctoral dissertation: University of Pretoria.

Plug, I. 1989. Aspects of life in the Kruger national park during the early Iron Age. Goodwin Series: 62-68.

Plug, I. 1993. The faunal remains from Nanda, an Early Iron Age site in Natal. Natal Museum Journal of Humanities 5: 99-107.

Plug, I. 1996. Seven centuries of Iron Age traditions at Bosutswe, Botswana: a faunal perspective. South African Journal of Science 92: 91–97.

Plug, I. 1997. Early Iron Age buffalo hunters on the Kadzi River, Zimbabwe. African archaeological review 14(2): 85-105.

Plug, I. 2000. Overview of Iron Age fauna from the Limpopo Valley, pp. 117–26 in Leslie, M. and Maggs, T. (eds.), African Naissance: The Limpopo Valley 1000 Years Ago. Vlaeberg: South African Archaeological Society Goodwin Series 8.

Plug, I. 2004. Resource exploitation: animal use during the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal: Sibudu Cave. South African Journal of Science 100(3 & 4): 151.

Raath, A. 2014. An Archaeological Investigation of Zhizo/Leokwe Foodways at Schroda and Pont Drift, Limpopo Valley, South Africa. Doctoral dissertation: Yale University.

Reid, A. & Segobye, A. 2000. Politics, society and trade on the eastern margins of the Kalahari. South African Archaeological Society Goodwin Series 8: 58–68.

Reid, D.A.M., Sadr, K. & Hanson–James, N. 1998. Herding traditions. In: Lane, P., Reid D.A.M. & Segobye, A.K. (eds) Ditswa Mmung: the archaeology of Botswana: 81–100. Gaborone: Pula Press and the Botswana Society.

Reid, A., 1996. Cattle herds and the redistribution of cattle resources. World Archaeology 28(1): 43-57.

Robbins, L.H., Campbell, A.C., Murphy, M.L., Brook, G.A., Liang, F., Skaggs, S.A., Srivastava, P., Mabuse, A.A. & Badenhorst, S. 2008. Recent archaeological research at Toteng, Botswana: early domesticated livestock in the Kalahari. Journal of African Archaeology 6(1): 131–149.

Sadr, K. & Plug, I. 2001.Faunal remains in the transition from hunting to herding in southeastern Botswana. South African Archaeological Bulletin 56 (173–174), 76–82.

Sampson, C.G. 1998. Tortoise remains from a later Stone Age rock shelter in the Upper Karoo, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 25(10): 985-1000.

Schrire, C. 1992. The archaeological identity of hunters and herders at the Cape over the last 2000 years: a critique. South African Archaeological Bulletin 47: 62–64.

Sharma, S.P. 2014. Pathological findings in animals in Gaborone Area. Botswana Journal of Agriculture and Applied Sciences 10 (1): 24-29

Smith, A.B. 2008. Early herders in southern Africa: a synthesis. In: Badenhorst, S., Mitchell, P. & Driver, J.C. (eds) Animals and People: Archaeozoological Papers in Honour of Ina Plug: 215–228. Oxford: British Archaeological Series 1849.

Smith, J.M. 2005. Climate change and agropastoral sustainability in the Shashe–Limpopo River Basin from AD 900. Unpublished PhD thesis. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Smithers, R.H. 1984. The mammals of the southern African subregion. University of Pretoria, Pretoria. PC Viljoen and HC Biggs: 279.

Thompson, J. C., & Henshilwood, C. S. (2014). Tortoise taphonomy and tortoise butchery patterns at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 41: 214-229.

Turner, G. 1987a. Hunters and herders of the Okavango Delta, Northern Botswana. Botswana Notes and Records 19: 25–40.

Turner, G. 1987b. Early Iron Age herders in northwestern Botswana: the faunal evidence. Botswana Notes and Records: 7-23.

Van Waarden, C., 1987. Matanga, a late Zimbabwe cattle post. The South African Archaeological Bulletin: 107-124.

Voigt, E.A. 1983. Mapungubwe: An Archaeozoological Interpretation of an Iron Age Community. Transvaal Museum Monograph no. 1. Pretoria: Transvaal Museum.

Voigt, E.A. 1986. Iron Age herding: Archaeological and ethnoarchaeological approaches to pastoral problems. Goodwin Series: 13-21.

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Wadley, L. 2010. Were snares and traps used in the Middle Stone Age and does it matter? A review and a case study from Sibudu, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 58(2): 179-192.

Welbourne, R.G. 1975. Tautswe Iron Age site: its yield of bones. Botswana Notes and Records: 1-16.

Wells, C.R. 2006. A sample integrity analysis of faunal remains from the RSp layer at Sibudu Cave. Southern African Humanities 18(1): 261-277.

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